Sindhu works on the music of 19th and 20th century France, with particular attention to musical modernism. Her current book project, Sounding Empire in fin-de-siècle France: Exoticism, Nationalism, and Modernist Musical Thought, examines the exoticist representation and nationalism in music and situates them both in the context of French imperial aspirations and the beginnings of modernism in France. She also works on contemporary Indian music and film, focusing on south India’s urban centers. Her research has been supported by fellowships from the French Government (Bourse Chateaubriand) and the Woodrow Wilson Fellowship Foundation (Andrew W. Mellon Fellowship in Humanistic Studies). In 2009-2010, she was a fellow at the Penn Humanities Forum of the University of Pennsylvania.